Remove a stem from the plant using a sterile razor knife or sharp pair of scissors. Low Form or Prostrata – these are low-growing elephant bushes that work well when you need some ground cover. They are drought tolerant but do require watering from April to October. Tall and robust, this plant is an excellent addition to your houseplants. First, choose a health branch with a lot of leaves on it, and cut the stem all the way to the base where the stem meets the main stem. Care and Propagation Information Portulacaria afra “Elephant Bush” Portulacaria afra is a perfect addition to your indoor or outdoor succulent garden. In nature, the species grows to 13 feet in height, but it is generally much smaller under cultivation. Portulacaria care is similar to other succulent plants. Plant the stem into the soil and water it thoroughly, but don’t soak it. I find leaf propagation a bit trickier and takes a lot longer. Allow the stem to dry for a few days so that the “wound” can heal. A herbaceous perennial named for its enormous, heart-shaped leaves, elephant ear (Colocasia esculenta) is a statement ornamental plant in water gardens and indoor poolside features. Watch for pests like whitefly, spider mites and mealybugs. Fertilize in late winter to early spring with an indoor plant fertilizer diluted by half. Elephant bush succulents work well as part of a succulent display with plants that require similar care and situations. What is the worst pest and disease that I will encounter when I have an elephant bush? I love spending my free time in my garden planting and taking care of my plants. Set the stem aside for a few days in the shade until the cut is covered with callous. Rocky soil always works as well. If you shake the plants, all of the whiteflies that have wings will fly into the air. I want to put it on my patio and am trying to decide how big it will become…. Clusters of small, lavender-pink blooms may appear at branch tips. Elephants eat it, but you need not fear for your Portulacaria unless you have a pet pachyderm. Choose a stem with many leaves and trim it away from the main plant with a sterilized cutting utensil. Propagation: Elephant Bush can easily be propagated from cuttings. Plant the stem into the … Can you tell me the size of the spread? If you try to plant this bush in water, you will never see it again because it will wither and die at the bottom of the water. There are more than 3,000 species out there! If you love tropical plants, we have the perfect one for you. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If you want to save some healthy leaves to propagate, it can be done but you need to be patient as it takes a long time. If the place you live in is cold, then your elephant bush should stay inside the house with you. The following are the related genera in the Araceae family. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! As the plant matures, its soft-wooded stems get thicker. Some growers prefer this look, but if you don’t, you simply need to reduce the amount of light your Elephant Bush receives each day. If you grow it the right way, the leaves of the elephant plant can be a tasty ingredient. Portulacaria afra, or elephant bush, is a small succulent shrub native to Eastern South Africa. Elephant Bush Propagation. A few rules on how to care for elephant bush will help you grow a specimen of interest that may be a stand-alone plant or part of an intricate succulent garden. In winter the plants are dormant and you may suspend watering. Because of its long stem, this plant is a great plant to propagate. Yes, but it is not my preferred method of propagation because it takes too long and I tend to lose the leaves before it propagates successfully. The flowers look like beautiful pink clusters of petals that grow around the elephant bush. Ensure that the container you choose has wide drainage holes. It is rare for Elephant Portulacaria to bloom in cultivation. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. We are a free resource for well-researched and unbiased plant information and product reviews. This succulent is a popular treat among elephants. After that, do not water for over a week to give the roots time to dry up. Elephant bush houseplants (Portulacaria afra) thrive in bright light in a warm, draft free room. How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Plant: Obtain a few stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and let them dry for a day or so. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. All About Growing Portulacaria afra. If you are planting the elephant bush outside, then the soil you’re going to place the plant in needs to be sandy and well-draining. The soil should be moist. Herbs That Root In Water – How To Grow Herb Plants In Water, Repotting Stress: What To Do For Repot Stress Of Container Plants, Invasive Tree Root List: Trees That Have Invasive Root Systems, Plants Lost To Deer: Living With Deer Damage, Epic Garden Failure – Watering Plants And Killing Plants, Cactus Houseplants: My Journey Learning To Grow Cacti. Variegata – This is a more compact variety that stands upright. Otherwise known as Portulacaria afra, the elephant bush has thick purple stems with dainty lobe like leaves. Leaf drop occurs when the leaves of the elephant bush fall off of the stem suddenly. The Elephant foot plant (Beaucarnea recurvata, also know as ponytail plant) can be started from an offshoot of the plant. It does not like the cold at all, and after a few days outside, the plant will start to wither. The home interior is an excellent place to grow elephant bush houseplants. The plant is a succulent with fleshy, glossy leaves that grows as a small bush. Pick a healthy stem and cut it using sterile scissors. Propagation. Propagate Elephant Bush easily using stem cuttings. The elephant bush does best in warm temperatures. The elephant bush does best in areas within hardiness zones 10 and 11. First, repot the bush into brand new soil and remove any diseases root that you can see. To keep these little pests off of your plant, spray a mixture of neem oil and water onto the entire plant, stem, soil, and the tops and bottoms of the leaves. The elephant bush does best when it lives in hot weather, just like in its home on the African plains. And for the inside potted plants, basic potting soil or cactus soil would suffice as the soil mix. But if the plant is not used to a lot of sunlight, you may have to slowly help the plant get used to full direct sunlight. Take the leaves off the bottom so you have a clean inch of stem to plant in the soil. The drought and soak method is the best way to make sure you’re not overwatering your plant. I hope you enjoy the content here! Combine some of the old soil in the old pot with new soil, so you don’t give you plant shock when you transfer it into the new soil. Be careful with the plant’s delicate leaves during this process, as rough handling could damage them considerably. Elephant bush succulents in the home interior should not have consistently wet feet. Medio-picta – this is a variegated elephant bush. However, when these elephant bush acquire the appropriate sustaining conditions, they will establish flowers in clusters and in shades of white, pink or purple. Also known as variegated elephant bush or rainbow portulacaria plant, rainbow elephant bush (Portulacaria afra ‘Variegata’) is a shrubby succulent with mahogany stems and fleshy, green and creamy white foliage. It can kill the plant quickly, so you must take action. Give it a few weeks before you change the composition of the soil. Plus, it grows the taro root, which is actually one of the top staple foods around the world! When growing Elephant Bushes indoors, they prefer bright light. It is also known as Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade, Mini Jade, Elephant food, Chinese Jade Plant, Pork Bush, Rainbow Bush, Rainboe Elephant Bush, Spekboom (Afrikaans for bacon tree), miniature jade or small leaf jade (but not related to Crassula ovata … Don’t add extra fertilizer to the soil right after repotting. Starting out in the spring or early summer will ensure excellent results. Portulacaria (Port-yoo-luh-CARE-ee-ah) is a small genus of upright, semi-woody succulents indigenous to South Africa.The stems are thick, succulent and brown to burgundy, with small, round jade green leaves. This is important to prevent the stem from rotting when you plant it. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. During the winter, you may only have to water the bush once a month. Then water lightly and monitor the plant to make sure it is accepting its new home. In about three weeks, you will start to see tiny leaves forming off the tip. No, it is not poisonous. Illumination and Temperature. They are only hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. Thankfully, this isn’t a terminal problem; the leaves are going to recover very quickly once you fix the watering schedule. In the home interior, it is much more likely to remain just a few feet tall. Let the cutting dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant the cutting in damp gritty soil in a small pot. The best mixture for this type of plant is cactus soil or potting soil cut by half with sand, vermiculite or pumice. Elephant Ear Plant Propagation in Water Some species, such as the Colocasia esculenta, or taro, can be potted in shallow water. These plants are used to experiencing drought and sudden heavy rains, so you don’t have to place them on a watering schedule. Take a pair of sharp garden shears and obtain a cutting that is about 3 to 4 inches long and has plenty of leaves. After a dormant period in winter, the bush produces small pink flowers grouped in clusters at the ends of the branches. Drill extra holes if you need to. If the elephant plant you have is too big for its current container, then you need to relocate the plant into a larger container, so it has room to grow. To grow your own Elephant Bush, propagation can give excellent results. At the point when contacted, the leaves will probably feel level and drained as it keeps on losing its own water supply. Take cuttings in spring or summer for best results. Do this in the fall, then plant the tubers in containers or store them for the winter and plant them outdoors in the spring. Elephant rose bush houseplants (Portulacaria Afra) thrive in intense light in a warm, draft totally free space. Home; Plants Guide; Problems & Solutions; Categories. The easiest and fastest elephant bush propagation method is by stem cuttings. Propagating Jade Plants - How To Root Jade Plant Cuttings, Rainbow Bush Info: How To Grow A Variegated Elephant Bush, Black Spots On Jade Plant: Reasons A Jade Plant Has Black Spots, Can You Grow Store Bought Potatoes - Will Store Bought Potatoes Grow, Bishop’s Cap Cactus Info – Learn About Growing A Bishop’s Cap Cactus, Silver Torch Cactus Facts – Learn About Silver Torch Cactus Plants. Portulacaria care requires warm temperatures and bright light. Once the cut dries for several days, place it in a potting mix of well-drained cactus soil. Sometimes, the flower can come in an arrangement of white, purple, and pink. Elephant bush, Portulacaria afra, is a perennial succulent shrub from South Africa that is a popular succulent garden plant around the world.It is easily grown as a seasonal accent plant or low maintenance houseplant in our part of the world. Also being known as Miniature Jade or Dwarf Jade, it has nothing to do with Crassula ovata.The leaves are rounded, fleshy and small, growing on a red stem. Trim out interlocking or twiggy branches to keep the plant neat. Wrinkled Elephant bush leaves are most likely due to improper watering (either too much or too little) or excess sunlight. Fertilizer. Propagation: By seed, division, or runners: Pests: Spider mites, thrips: If you’re a bit boggled by all the different names you see associated with the elephant ear plant, don’t be discouraged. Hi, my name is Victoria and I´m the owner and main author of hobby plants. Like most succulents, elephant bush is easy to reproduce from cuttings. This happens because the roots at the bottom of the plant have developed funguses from being overwatered too many times. Taro is an ancient plant. This succulent can grow from 6 to 15 feet (2 to 4.5m) tall in its native Southern Africa where elephants and humans alike enjoy eating its tender leaves. Portulacaria afra Plant, From Amazon. Whiteflies are a significant pest to fight when you have an elephant bush that is infested with them. It is characterized by green leaves with whitish marks that spread from the center of the leaves. Planted in the ground and allowed to grow to its full height, Portulacaria will tower up to 15 feet high. The bush has thick succulent brown stems with small tender green leaves that resemble a diminutive jade plant. Sign up for our newsletter. South Africa is where the elephant bush comes from. Keep the soil lightly moist and in a few weeks the cutting will root and you will have a new elephant bush succulent to share with a friend or add to your collection. It is best placed next to a bookshelf or tall mantle so that the foliage can climb up up up! These will have a thicker base attached to the trunk of the plant. Here’s some of my Elephant Bush grown from stem cuttings. Alocasia. These large succulents can reach heights of over 12 feet, even if it is an indoor plant. Elephant bush plant may get 6- to 20-feet (2-6 m.) tall in habitat where it is a favorite food of elephants. When you have the pot you want to transfer it too, make sure it can drain at the bottom. The plant is a succulent with fleshy, glossy fallen leaves that grows like a tiny shrub. This plant should not be outside if it drops lower than 30F. As long as you practice the drought and soak methods and keep it in front of full indirect sunlight, your elephant plant will grow big and strong. A cultivar with solid-colored leaves is also available and known simply as It is not meant to have amounts of water around its roots, as well as its stem and leaves. With enough sunlight, the leaves of the Elephant Bush can develop red or yellow tinted leaf tips. To water the elephant bush correctly, you must use the soak and dry method. The more practical method of propagating this caudiciform is to break off a piece of its winding, tuberous root. No, you cannot grow an elephant bush in water. Elephant Bush or Elephant Food (also known as Portulacaria afra) is one of the world’s most popular succulent garden shrub or bonsai subject.This cutie is a perfect addition to both your indoor and outdoor succulent garden. Colocasias are also called "elephant ears" for their huge leaves, or "cabbage" and "taro". The Elephant Bush is a versatile plant that thrives in many different climates, so growing and propagating it is quite easy. Hobby Plants is a blog created for all flower and garden lovers. A south-facing window is an ideal location to provide your plant with adequate light. Leave the stem out for several days, so the end can callous. Elephant ears are lush jungle plants with large green leaves shaped like hearts. The leaves are used as homeopathic medicine, as it is thought to cure aches and pains. Make sure the pot drains well and don’t leave a saucer with water sitting under the container. The stems are bright red. Propagation of Elephant Bush Succulents Like most succulents, elephant bush is easy to reproduce from cuttings. The leaves of the Elephant Bush are glossy green and its stems are reddish-brown. If planted outdoors in warm climates, dig in 3 inches of sand or gritty material to provide well drained soil. The most common mistake made in succulent plants is watering. Elephant Tree can be grown from cuttings or seeds. Elephant Bush (Portulacaria Afra) Care & Growing Guide. Many people actively eat the leaves of the elephant bush. Choose a location with indirect sunlight when growing elephant bush indoors. Cut off a healthy section of stem that has lush foliage. The width it can cover is over two feet in diameter, depending on the size of the leaves. It is exactly what it sounds like. During the spring, its flowers only grow if the environment is mild and the heat isn’t strong. Let the cutting dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant the cutting in damp gritty soil in a small pot. Gardening in general ; Repellent Plants; Plant Science; Animals; Contact; Home; Plants Guide; Problems & Solutions; Categories. Overly bright sunlight can char the leaves and cause them to drop off. Elephant bush is an easy succulent to propagate. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. Alocasia. All you need to do is plant a cutting that has been dried out and calloused. But the elephant bush’s leaves can get a sunburn if the sun is too intense, like during the height of summer. The elephant bush needs periods of drought to offset any water that is absorbed. If you have not watered your plant in a while and the soil is dry to touch, under watering is the most likely cause and the plant should be given a good soak. First, choose a health branch with a lot of leaves on it, and cut the stem all the way to the base where the stem meets the main stem. What you need is a true sucker from the plant. Take cuttings in spring or summer for best results. The elephant bust itself can stand hot weather and humid climate, but it’s flowers cannot. However, a leaf by itself will not form roots. The elephant bush is a mighty plant, just like the animal it was named after. This perennial herb with an exotic appearance belongs to the. I found a couple of rooted leaves when repotting a Variegated Elephant Bush plant. More importantly, if you are going to propagate the plants, you need to make sure that you add fertilizer. Portulacaria Afra Pronounced por-tew-luh-KAR-ee-uh AF-ruh is a bushy succulent shrub belonging to the Didiereaceae family. Leaf Curl On Bird Of Paradise Plants: Why Do Bird Of Paradise Leaves Curl? Portulacaria Afra “elephant bush/porkbush” Propagation. For starters, leaves can indicate whether the plant is getting too much water or if it’s getting too little water. They mostly grow along the brown stem of the plant. The smooth, brownish-gray trunk is very thick and heavily branched with a profusion of bright green succulent leaves. Place the cutting in a moderately lit area where temperatures are at least 65 F (18 C). The plant starts as a tiny bush and can reach 8-15 feet (2.5-4.5 meters). PROPAGATION. It is used in soups and as topping in salads. Portulacaria Afra “mini jade succulent” is one of the easiest plants to propagate from stem cutting. Although a popular name for this succulent is “Miniature Jade,” it is not related to Crassula ovata. The taro plant, one of the many types of elephant ear plants, features gigantic leaves with a variety of unique colorings. They are just durable in USDA plant strength zones 10 and 11. The elephant bush succulent is characterized by a brownish-red stem sprouting with tiny, glossy green leaves. Soak the bush in a lot of water, and then let it dry out over several weeks. Home » Plants » Elephant Bush (Portulacaria Afra) Care & Growing Guide. How to get Elephant bush plants to flower? There are two types of elephant bush propagation of elephant bush succulent. Elephant bush can be propagated via stem cuttings. The elephant bush loves sunlight and can be in full sun for several hours at a time. The little petals might even remind you of elephant ears. How to propagate the Elephant bush Because of its long stem, this plant is a great plant to propagate. The bush can stand a few cold spells but not prolonged periods of cold. Elephant bush leaves falling off could similarly have a faded and flat look. To grow a new plant out of the mature elephant bush, you can use stem cuttings for easy propagation. Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana) Care & Growing Guide, Peace Lily Plant (Spathiphyllum) Care & Growing Guide, African Bush Daisy (Euryops Chrysanthemoides) Care &…. source. Slowly increase the time you leave the bush out in the sun over a couple of weeks. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. While elephant ears can’t be propagated from cuttings like many plants, you can divide the tubers of a healthy parent plant. These succulents need well drained soil and an unglazed pot that will help excess moisture evaporate.